The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has advised space enthusiasts not to be so excited regarding the habitable zone of the newly discovered Earth-sized planet “Proxima b’ because the planet is less likely supportive of life. NASA, in its recently published statement, has confirmed that, despite having an inhabitable zone, Proxima b isn’t favorable for life on its surface.
Proxima b or Proxima Centauri b or Alpha Centauri Cb is an exoplanet, nearly 4.2 light-years from Earth. It is orbiting within the inhabitable region of the red dwarf star, called Proxima Centauri, the closest star to the Sun and hence earlier is believed to be supportive of life. Located in the constellation of Centaurus, Proxima b is the closest notorious exoplanet to the Solar System. The European Southern Observatory discovered it in August 2016. Due to orbiting in the habitable zone, the exoplanet is believed to be accommodating to life. But after conducting a series of experiments, the scientists of NASA have found it unlikely to be inhabitable.
According to NASA, the planet is more than 2,000 times more subjective to the powerful forces of astral wind than of those experienced by our planet from the solar storm. This high-intensity radiation and the astral winds are likely to gun down any atmosphere, and hence Proxima b is unable to host life. The stellar winds with its extreme pressure can assassinate the entire planet, leaving the undersurface as the only livable location on the entire planet.
Though Proxima b is orbiting in the habitable zone of Proxima Centauri – the province where planetary conditions and climatic properties may support liquid water and life, yet scientists have always questioned its habitability due to many potentially dangerous physical conditions. Currently, NASA’s scientists are experimenting with the unpredictable reservoirs and the orbiting speed of the planet, using the 3D global climate models and soon the official confirmations regarding the habitable zone of the planet.
The new study, led by Vladimir Airapetian, a planetary researcher at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland involved a number of characteristics of the planet for exploring its habitability capacity. The scientists also developed a new model of red dwarf’s livable zone which reflects on over the temperature of a parent star.
The aftermath of the study reveals that the red dwarf stars are emitting the high amount of X-ray and intense ultraviolet waves through frequent solar flares and astral storms, which are directly affecting the habitable zones of exoplanets. It proves Proxima b to be unsupportive to life, said NASA.